|Prevent MSD Quick Start Guideline: General Quick Start Guideline: Office Basic Guideline Comprehensive Guideline
This general guideline is intended for any type of workplace. For office work, please refer to the companion document: Quick Start Guideline: Office
Back and shoulder pain, tennis elbow and other Musculoskeletal Disorders (MSD) are a major cause of workplace pain, discomfort, disability and costs. Help workers in pain now – and prevent it in the future – by improving your workplace. Eliminating MSD hazards is one part of creating a safe workplace.
Small changes can make a big difference! A workplace free of MSD hazards protects workers now, allows injured workers to return to their jobs more easily, and allows more people to perform those jobs: male or female; old or young; tall or short.
The PDF creates a folder that can hold the mini-posters and gives information about MSD and Prevention and how to use the mini-posters. The folder and mini-posters together are a self-contained resource.
Use the 11” x 17’’ poster in the lunchroom or on the Health & Safety board to alert workers to potential MSD hazards in their work and their relationship to pain and discomfort.
The mini-posters describe six common MSD workplace hazards. Please see Work and MSD Hazards for a more complete description of MSD hazards.
Employers are responsible for taking every precaution reasonable in the circumstances for the protection of a worker under the Ontario Occupational Health and Safety Act. This includes improving the workplace and implementing measures to protect workers from all hazards, including those related to musculoskeletal disorders.
Use the posters as guides during workplace walkthroughs and inspections. On the back of the poster, write observations and ideas about possible fixes for hazards.
Use the posters as a script to aid workers, supervisors and others during safety or toolbox talks. Use the discussion to brainstorm possible fixes.
Use the posters in the lunchroom or on the Health & Safety board to alert workers to potential MSD hazards in their work and their relationship to pain and discomfort.
As a reminder to keep looking for improvements!
Each poster describes a common workplace hazard that can lead to an MSD. It also gives ideas on how to fix it. MSD hazards can be found in all sizes of workplaces and in all sectors. You may recognize some or all six hazards in your workplace. This tells you that your workplace needs a plan for MSD prevention action.
Starting is the most important part of reducing back pain, shoulder tendinitis, tennis elbow and other Musculoskeletal Disorders (MSD). This package will give you a good start. Some of the ideas may seem very simple, but you can substantially reduce MSD hazards by applying these ideas throughout your workplace (and at home).
The mini-posters give you the general idea behind the solution. For example, STORE IT OFF THE FLOOR shows how to store objects. It’s the same rule for storing boxes in an office, moving parts in manufacturing, or setting up stands and work surfaces for heavy tasks in construction.
Jump straight in. Start using these posters in your workplace inspections and toolbox talks and make changes to remove or reduce any hazards identified.
Follow the steps below for a more systematic approach.
Want to go further in your MSD prevention activities? Go to the Basic Guideline.
There are many websites with straightforward fixes for MSD hazards and many groups and organizations that you can turn to for information and help. There are several partners within Ontario Health and Safety Systems that provide general and sector specific support. Here is the list of these partners:
The Association of Canadian Ergonomists (ACE) is a bilingual, professional association of individuals and organizations with a common interest in advancing ergonomics and human factors knowledge and practice.
The Canadian Standards Association (CSA) recently published a new guide. Office ergonomics - An application standard for workplace ergonomics. It can be accessed through a library system or purchased from CSA.
There are other organizations that provide information regarding MSD prevention. These include but are not limited to the Canadian Centre for Occupational Health and Safety (CCOHS) and the Washington State Department of Labor & Industries in the USA that has collected a wide range of fixes for MSD hazards that is searchable by sector and hazard.
This guide was written to help small and very small businesses make sure that workers can go home without pain. It is a part of a larger initiative: the MSD Prevention Guideline.
Keeping your team safe and healthy at work is good for business. WSIB's Health and Safety Excellence program provides a clear roadmap to improve safety in your workplace, whether you're just getting started or want to improve systems and processes you already have in place.
No matter how large or small your business is, the Health and Safety Excellence program can help. Connect with a WSIB-approved provider who can help you address your business’s unique health and safety challenges – and you can earn rebates for the work you do to improve your workplace health and safety.
Check out the Health and Safety Excellence Program website for more information on the program and the benefits.