In Ontario, there are specific regulations (e.g., Healthcare or Industrial Regulations) covering MSD hazards and resulting disorders, such as low back pain or shoulder injuries. MSD hazards are also covered by the “General Duty Clause” (In Ontario, Part III of the OHS Act, 25 (2)(h)). It remains the employer’s responsibility to identify and control MSD hazards.
Reduces current and future pain and disability suffered by workers
An MSD prevention program reduces direct and indirect costs of injury such as indemity costs. Further, it improves product and process quality. There is a large amount of research linking the use of ergonomics in the design of production systems with improved quality performance in manufacturing. Factors for decreased quality identified in the analysis included those related to Product Design, Production Process Design, and Workstation Design while a much smaller number of factors are associated with individual factors.